Working with the K’ómoks Nation towards Q’waq’wala7owkw on their unceded territory.

Working with the K’ómoks Nation towards Q’waq’wala7owkw on their unceded territory.

Project Watershed`s 2021 Annual Report

Despite the global pandemic, Project Watershed has made progress worth celebrating over the past year. There have been some major changes and we are continually adapting to the new normal. However, we remain dedicated to stewarding, and enabling others to steward, the Comox Valley and beyond. Our work is just as important as ever and we are grateful for all the people who have joined us over the past year. This report highlights our organizational changes and achievements between the beginning of summer 2020 and the end of spring 2021.

Photo Gallery

Human Resources

The Project Watershed staff and board team has changed and expanded over the last year.  At the board level, Lyle Carlstrom is taking a hiatus so that he can assist as a lawyer in the Kus-kus-sum land acquisition process but hopes to be rejoining us soon. All other board members have continued on in the same positions as last year and will be standing for their position again at the AGM on May 30, 2021. The board presently consists of Pat Sloan, Chair; Bill Heidrick, Vice Chair; Alisha Drinkwater, Co-Vice Chair; Brian Storey, Treasurer; Dan Bowen, Technical Director; Kathy Haigh, Fundraising and Outreach Director; Don Castleden, Estuary Working Group Chair; Bill Heath, Mapping and Kelp Director. For more information about each of them, visit our Board Directory.

We were happy to announce the addition of an Executive Director to our staff team. In January,  Caitlin Pierzchalski was hired to help us manage our growing organization.  Caitlin is a restoration ecologist from Vancouver, who has been working in and learning from marine and coastal environments throughout the Salish Sea for the past 10 years. We have also added Jay Baker-French to our technical team as a restoration specialist. Jay is a recent Masters graduate from SFU and an enthusiastic, hard-working member of the team. Jennifer Sutherst, who took a brief leave from Project Watershed over the holiday season, rejoined us in January and has hit the ground running to enable us to meet our 2021-2022 project goals. Our staff team continues to include Caila Holbrook, Manager of Fundraising and Outreach; Fran Kwiecien, Bookkeeper; Kathryn Clouston, Office Administrator; and Virginia East, Citizen Science & Stewardship Coordinator. For more information about our staff please visit the Staff Directory.

In addition to our regular staff base, we are currently employing four seasonal part time environmental technicians. These technicians will be supporting the field components of our Kus-kus-sum and Glen Urquhart Creek restoration projects this year. They will be engaged in monitoring, invasive species removal, native species planting, and other restoration activities related to the projects mentioned. These positions are supported through the Healthy Watersheds Initiative, which is delivered by the Real Estate Foundation of BC and Watersheds BC, with financial support from the Province of British Columbia as part of its $10-billion COVID-19 response.

Over the past year we have had a wide variety of volunteers helping us to meet our project and fundraising goals. We would like to thank everyone for all the time and energy that has been put into our projects and initiatives over this past year. We look forward to all the things we will accomplish together over the next year. 

We would like to thank the Comox Valley Comunity Foundation for their support of our staff and programs during COVID. Please note that our offices are still closed as our staff are doing the majority of their work from home. If you need to contact a specific person please email them, addresses can be found on our board/staff pages of our website and our contact us page. To set up an appointment please email

Welcome Caitlin and Jay!

Caitlin Pierzchalski, Executive Director

Board Directory

Staff Directory

Jay Baker-French, Restoration Specialist

Restoration Projects

Kus-kus-sum; Unpave Paradise

Kus-kus-sum from the 17th Street Bridge – Bonner Photography

Project Watershed completed raising the funds for the acquisition of the Kus-kus-sum property, an 8.3 acre former sawmill site,  on November 30, 2020. This was a pivotal achievement that enabled us to move on to restoration of the site. Our small non-profit succeeded in raising over $3 million dollars to purchase the site in just over three years. Due to COVID we have not been able to celebrate this milestone in person, however, we hope to be able to do so in the near future.

The purchase of the property was made possible through the contributions of thousands of people, businesses, and organisations from within our community and beyond. The Provincial Government contributed $650,000 on November 28, 2020, in addition to the $1M they had contributed previously, to bridge the funding gap and seal the deal. Substantial contributions towards the purchase also came from the Fish and Wildlife Compensation Program, the Blue Moon Foundation, the Ngan-Page Family Fund, the Sitka Foundation, the Denton Family Foundation, the Li-Grimmer Family Fund and the Maple Cross Foundation.  We’ve received a generous contribution from Micah Messent’s Legacy Funding. A significant portion of this funding will go to support the restoration at Kus-kus-sum and another portion will go to support a program that honours Micah’s continued contributions to conservation in the Comox Valley.

Funding was also raised through a variety of events. Funds raised over and above the purchase price have been earmarked for the restoration and protection of the site. 

Events included:

  • Paintings, By The Numbers, September 2020 – raised over $25,000
  • the November Fundraising Blitz which included a reverse telethon, auction and 50/50, November 2020 – raised over $60,000
  • Earth Week 50/50 for Kus-kus-sum, April 2020 – raised over $2,900
  • Sponsor a Salmon, ongoing – to date raised over $18,000
  • Engel & Volkers, ongoing third-party fundraiser – to date raised over $10,200
  • Run to Beer, a third-party fundraiser – raised over $2,200
  • Mask sales, an ongoing third-party fundraiser – to date raised over $2,900

Project Watershed thanks everyone involved in the fundraising process, the most current list of donors is available at Friends of Kus-kus-sum.

In February 2020, Project Watershed purchased the property and is holding it in trust for the K’ómoks First Nation and the City of Courtenay. The City and the Nation will jointly own and manage the property once co-ownership and co-management agreements are in place. The long term goal is for the property to transfer completely to the K’ómoks First Nation in the near future. 

The first order of business in the restoration of the Kus-kus-sum site was to remove the office building that remained on the property. This task was completed during March, 2020, by B&D Containers Ltd. working in conjunction with Dig-Dug Excavating. Over the summer we plan to remove all the hard surfacing at the site.  This will be a noisy, dusty endeavour but a sure sign of progress as we work towards the complete rehabilitation of the site for fish and wildlife. The restored site will also become an eco-asset for our community. 

Funding for the restoration of Kus-kus-sum is currently coming from a variety of contributors including:


Kus-kus-sum Page

Friends of Kus-kus-sum


Sponsor a Business Salmon

Latest Kus-kus-sum News

Spring Field Trips

Throughout May and June Project Watershed will be taking elementary school classes out on field trips to learn about estuary and coastal ecology and to assist with planting and plant maintenance.

Seal Monitoring 2024

Join Jay and Virginia from Project watershed for our Seal or Pinniped monitoring citizen science project at Kus-kus-sum. Observations will be made throughout the spring and summer at various locations from Condensory Road Bridge toward Kus-kus-sum along the Courtenay River Estuary.

Coastal Restoration Projects

Sea Asparagus – Tanis Gower

In the 2020-2021 period, Project Watershed made progress on some of the priority projects laid out in the Salish Sea North East Vancouver Island Salmon Highway (Nearshore Habitat) Coastal Restoration Plan created in 2019. The creation and implementation of this plan is being funded through a five year grant from Fisheries and Oceans Canada. The plan identifies 70 potential nearshore habitat restoration projects along 120 km of the east coast of Vancouver Island and provides an overall strategy for the marine restoration we are engaged with. The plan focuses on salt marsh, eelgrass and kelp restoration and includes the salt marsh restoration that will occur at Kus-kus-sum.  

Our boots-on-the-ground projects for the year included salt marsh and kelp restoration and research, as well as continued monitoring of the projects we completed in the first three years of the initiative. On June 17-19, 2020, with the help of 19 volunteers, Project Watershed successfully planted almost 2,500 individual plants in Fanny Bay to restore the salt marsh along this vulnerable coastline. The plantings were composed of Salicornia, Distichilis and dune grass species. During this planting, a field trial was conducted to evaluate the survival of planting salt marsh as individuals versus planting in clumps of three or four. Preliminary results suggest that there is no appreciable difference in survival between the clump vs. individual plantings read more … 

Another project that has come to fruition this year is the salt marsh restoration at the Dyke Slough on Comox Road south of Kus-kus-sum. This spring, Project Watershed rebuilt the salt marsh platforms on the estuary side of Comox Road. This meant re-nourishing the area with soil and sediment to rebuild the base upon which the salt marsh grows. The next phase of the project will include planting the site with native salt marsh vegetation during an appropriate low tide window in June, 2020. The project was done to improve the area for fish and wildlife, and support climate adaptation in our estuary. 

As for our bull kelp work, we continued to monitor our kelp transplants at Maude Reef and the healthy kelp bed at the Oyster River over the 2020/2021 period. We monitored water quality, temperature and light at these sites and collected GPS waypoints to determine the exact size of the kelp forest. We now have three years of data.

This past year we also tried a new kelp restoration technique whereby we moved small juvenile kelp plants attached to individual rocks by their holdfasts from the healthy Oyster River donor site to another area where bull kelp is struggling to grow.  Twenty-three of the small bull kelp plants from the Oyster River remain in our transplant area. Unfortunately the rest drifted away –  despite attempts to weigh them down – as they grew their flotation increased and they were taken away by the currents. 

Unfortunately, Covid19 did impact some of our coastal restoration activities planned for 2020 and we were not able to transplant eelgrass last spring.  However, we were able to defer this work to this year and an eelgrass transplant is planned for next month (June 2021) just south of Ships Point in Fanny Bay near where we completed the salt marsh restoration last year.


Coastal Restoration Page


Coastal Restoration Plan


Latest Coastal Restoration News

Eelgrass Expansion in Baynes Sound

This summer, Project Watershed staff and volunteers will be getting their feet wet to increase habitat connectivity in Baynes Sound. As part of our multi-year Aquatic Ecosystems Restoration Fund project, we will be conducting an eelgrass transplant off the coast of Gartley Point near Royston.

Eelgrass Washer Tying 2024

We have a new and unique volunteer opportunity: washer tying for eelgrass restoration! You can participate in this hands-on activity by signing up below and stopping by our office to pick up the necessary supplies between 10am – 3pm Monday – Thursday.

June Eelgrass Restoration Completed

Between June 2 and 11, six dedicated staff members, approximately 23 volunteers and the UB Diving crew worked together to accomplish the impressive task of transplanting 6,000 stems of eelgrass!

Reed Canary Grass

Resident Geese Eating Salt Marsh by Gerry Fairbrother

Reed canary grass

Reed canary grass is an invasive plant that was brought into the Comox Valley with agricultural practices from Europe. Since 2004, it is estimated that the amount of reed canary grass in the K’ómoks Estuary has tripled. In addition to the fact it is outgrowing our native species, it provides little value for native wildlife or insects.  

To help combat reed canary grass, Project Watershed has mapped locations where it is taking hold and has studied how to best remove it. Our findings suggested that a combination of mowing, shading and staking with willows may be the most effective treatment in small freshwater streams.

In 2020-2021, we have continued work removing and excluding reed canary grass from Mallard Creek which drains the Back Road area upland of the Comox Bay Farm. On October 23 and 24, 2020, 21 volunteers helped implement our restoration prescription streamside along Mallard Creek. Volunteers harvested, planted, and mulched nearly 1000 willow stakes along 150 metres of the creek. There were around 1000 extra willow stakes left over from this event, so another willow stake planting occurred on February 27 and 28, 2021. These were planted at the confluence of Mallard Creek and Dyke Slough, on the Simpson Farm conservation area and covered another 100 metres of stream bank. We are very thankful to the property owners who allowed access for these planting events.

While our prescription is showing positive results in the locations we are targeting, it is clear that it will take many years of hard work to control this invasive plant, deplete its seed bank and establish natural streamside vegetation in the affected areas.


Reed Canary Grass Page

Latest Reed Canary Grass News

Glen Urquhart Creek and the Len’s Pond corner

Resident Geese Eating Salt Marsh by Gerry Fairbrother

Aerial view of the Glen Urquhart Len’s Pond corner

Working with Ducks Unlimited Canada, we have started restoration work in the northernmost corner of the Comox Bay Farm properties. This is the parcel containing Len’s Pond, the somewhat infamous ‘compensation’ habitat constructed in the 1990’s and intended to replace wetlands lost when the Mex Pub was built. This parcel is highly impacted by surrounding land uses – intensive agriculture, urban neighbourhoods, and commercial properties. Furthermore, these pressures are increasing as time goes forward, with the surge in housing construction putting even more impervious surfaces into the catchment. Glen Urquhart Creek flows through this parcel and has been channelized and treated as an agricultural ditch for many decades. Despite this, and the very ‘flashy’ nature of the water flows in this system, the creek supports impressive populations of Coho and cutthroat trout fry, and freshwater lamprey have been observed spawning there as well!

Our focus on this property has three main components: improving in-stream habitat for salmonids and freshwater lamprey by installing riffles and spawning gravels, boulder and large woody debris complexes, increasing off-channel areas, and adjusting baseflow depth to optimize lamprey spawning; improving riparian conditions by removing invasive plants and replanting with native species; and improving amphibian habitat in a small impounded wetland by removing reed canary grass, deepening the open water area, and planting the banks with native plants.

Forage Fish


Forage Fish Beach Surveying

Project Watershed continued supporting and performing forage fish research throughout 2020/2021. Forage fish are small schooling fish that form an important part of the marine food chain as they are prey for many other marine species. Some of these forage fish, specifically Pacific sand lance and surf smelt, spawn on beaches in our area. Project Watershed staff and volunteers have been surveying beaches in the Comox Valley to identify ones that are used for spawning. This information will be important to protecting this vital nursery habitat. The beaches are being surveyed for the presence of eggs, eDNA, and adult fish. We are currently gearing up for another round of summer surveys which will start in June 2021. 

Here are a few highlights from the last year:

  • Between May 2020 and February 2021, 60+ amazing volunteers were engaged in sampling, sieving, vortexing, and counting eggs.This totals over 800 hours of volunteer and staff time.
  • There were 119 field events covering Cortes Island, Hornby Island, Quadra Island, Campbell River, and the Comox Valley.
  • New locations like Quadra Island, Shark Spit, Royston Wrecks, Campbell River, and Seal Bay were sampled along with our regular core and blitz sites.
  • A Forage Fish Brochure and a field day video were produced. 
  • A Forage Fish course was presented through Elder College at North Island College.
  • The K’ómoks First Nation, through their Guardian Watchman Program, performed subtidal sampling in our area.
  • A Forage Fish Habitat Assessment document was drafted highlighting three sites that might benefit from habitat restoration (Point Holmes, Curtis Beach, and Balmoral Beach).
  • Over 100 eDNA samples are being analyzed by the University of Victoria Microbiology Lab. The results will be posted in the near future.
  • Pacific sand lance were found at Shingle Spit on Hornby Island, multiple sites on Cortes Island, two locations at Goose Spit, Kye Bay, and Air Force Beach. These sites are shown in the maps in the photo gallery of this section. Please note that all positive sites are pending expert verification.

In addition to the beach surveys, we are also working with and supporting the research of three postgraduate students: 

  • Will Duguid, a post doc fellow at UVic studying the stomach contents of winter juvenile salmon in the Salish Sea. He is also part of the Adult Salmon Diet Program (ASDP) team, who studies adult Chinook and Coho salmon. This work focus’ on what salmon eat, when they eat specific forage fish, and what they are eating within DFO Management areas.
  • Jacqueline Huard, a MSc student from the UBC working to develop a robust intertidal model using data from across the Forage Fish Monitoring Network with a focus on Pacific sand lance intertidal habitat. 
  • Nicola Houtman, a MSc student from the UVic using unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs or drones) to aid in mapping forage fish schooling and feeding locations in the open ocean. 

Project Watershed has also teamed up with DFO which is  modelling Pacific sand lance burrowing in subtidal areas. The plan is to use all the information on intertidal, subtidal and pelagic forage fish habitat gathered over the past three years to produce a forage fish biodiversity ‘hot spots’ maps to better guide conservation and management decisions.

This initiative is a partnership between Project Watershed, the K’ómoks First Nation, BC Salmon Research and Innovation Fund, North Island College, World Wildlife Fund, Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO), Environment and Climate Change Canada, Comox Valley Regional District, and community citizen science volunteers. We are also connected to the Forage Fish Monitoring Network which is composed of forage fish researchers and citizen scientists that are surveying beaches and performing research across the Salish Sea. The network includes the World Wildlife Fund, Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Region Research InstitutePeninsula Streams Society, and many others.


Latest Forage Fish News

Forage Fish Symposium

The forage fish team has been busy planning the Coastal Forage Fish Network Symposium. Hosted on Zoom, this event brings together researchers, experts and community citizen science volunteers to share research highlights from across Vancouver Island and beyond.

Education Initiatives

Resident Geese Eating Salt Marsh by Gerry Fairbrother

Courtenay Airpark – Kerry Dawson

We received funding from the Comox Valley Community Foundation, the Comox Valley Regional District and the Peninsula Co-op to run estuary and watershed-focused educational outreach. As all our May/June 2020 field trips and classroom visits were cancelled due to COVID-19, we focused on disseminating the resources that are available on our website during this time. We adapted our presentations so that we could provide them via Zoom in the fall/winter and spring to both homeschool and in- classroom learners. In May 2021, we resumed small group field trips to the Airpark. The field trips centered around a nature walk that focused on the plants that are found in the area and their importance to the estuarine ecosystem. 

In addition to our work with schools, we also engaged in online educational outreach for adults. Project Watershed staff and board members spoke at the Watershed Resilience CLIMATE CHANGE, COLLABORATION AND LANDSCAPE RESTORATION webinar held on the 21-23 of October 2020. We also presented information about Kus-kus-sum and our other projects to various small groups via Zoom. Our Forage Fish team created and presented an Elder College course in February that received high attendance and much acclaim.

Resources K - 12

Community Events and Outreach

Sentinel by Ken Kirby

Paintings, By The Numbers

Despite the decrease in events over the year, Project Watershed was able to host and attend a few important events since our AGM last May. These have included: 


Related Posts

Spring Field Trips

Throughout May and June Project Watershed will be taking elementary school classes out on field trips to learn about estuary and coastal ecology and to assist with planting and plant maintenance.

Climate Change and Kus-kus-sum by WWF

This video, produced by the World Wildlife Fund, explores the connection between Kus-kus-sum and climate change. One of the benefits of restoring 8.3 acres of habitat at Kus-kus-sum is all the plants that are being planted will take up carbon, helping mitigate climate change.